The 49ers and the California Gold Rush
The goods stolen last November 12 included gold nuggets worth thousands of dollars and other items. This week, his target was a jewel box made of quartz and California did not have the first gold rush in American history. That honor actually belongs to North Carolina. Tourists flock to Baja California—separated from the rest of Mexico by the Sea of Cortez—to visit its stunning shoreline and test their mettle at sport fishing.
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The international port of Ensenada, located on But then he noticed a glinting rock in the dirt while constructing a new mill for local landowner John Sutter. The Gold Rush that followed When we think of foods of the California Gold Rush, our thoughts are likely to turn to sourdough bread and Hangtown Fry. But a much more interesting phenomenon was at work in the gold fields of Northern California in the s: an out of control rate of inflation in the cost of The California missions began in the late 18th century as an effort to convert Native Americans to Catholicism and expand European territory.
There were 21 missions in all, lasting from until about The California missions began in the late 18th century as an effort This Day In History.
Gold rush - Wikipedia
Sutter was a pioneer who founded a colony he called Nueva Helvetia or New Switzerland. This would later become Sacramento. Marshall was the construction superintendent who had been hired to build a mill for Sutter. This place would enter American lore as "Sutter's Mill. The first lucky arrivals—those who emptied out the California cities over the first few months—were able to find nuggets of gold in the stream beds. The American River and other nearby streams regularly gave up nuggets the size of pumpkin seeds, and many were as large as 7—8 ounces.
These people made quick fortunes. It was a unique time in history where individuals with literally nothing to their name could become extremely wealthy. It is no surprise that gold fever hit so heavily. The individuals who became the richest were in fact not these early miners but were instead entrepreneurs who created businesses to support all of the prospectors.
Businesses sprang up to meet the essentials this mass of humanity would need in order to live. Some of these businesses are still around today, such as Levi Strauss and Wells Fargo. Most of the treasure seekers outside of California left their homes in , once word had spread across the nation, which is why these gold hunters were called by the name 49ers.
Many of the 49ers themselves picked an appropriate name from Greek mythology: Argonauts. These Argonauts were in search of their own form of a magic golden fleece—wealth free for the taking. Yet the majority of those who made the long trek out West were not so lucky. It was hard work to get to Sutter's Mill: California had no roads, no ferries at river crossings, no steamships, and there were no hotels or inns on the few trails that did exist. The trek was arduous for those who came over land.
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Food of the California Gold Rush
Start Your Free Trial Today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The Gold Rush hastened statehood in as a part of the Compromise of ; and, though the Gold Rush peaked in , the momentum of settlement did not subside. The discovery of gold in California started a new sequence of treaties designed to extinguish Indian title to lands lying in the path of the overland routes to the Pacific.
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